A Pomeranian dog is definitely an ultra-cute dog on its own. It is small but packed with a vivacious personality.
Now, making this dog extra smaller, for sure will swoon a lot of hearts. Let’s get to know an even miniature Pom called the teacup Pomeranian.
What is a Teacup Pomeranian?
The toy dog, Pomeranian, is the 23rd most popular breed in the ranking of the American Kennel Club (AKC). This active, adorable, and small breed has always been called the ideal companion.
While they are already little in nature, there still exists a smaller version of this foxy-faced and furry breed. And it is called a Teacup Pomeranian.
They are called “teacups” because, with their size, they can practically fit in one!
This smaller-sized Pom is also called Pocket Pomeranian, Miniature Pomeranian, Teddy Bear Pomeranian, Mini Pomeranian, and Toy Pomeranian.
As if those are not enough, they also go by the names Pom, Loulou, Dwarf Spitz, and Zwergspitz.
But before delving into this minute version of the Pom, know that there’s always a mystery and controversy shrouding teacup pups of any breed.
That in case, it is always important to do extensive research on the breeder. Because most “backyard breeders” or puppy mills take advantage of breeding these smaller pups because of the price they fetch. Lack of knowledge comes into play also, they often employ unsafe breeding practices just to get the desired size.
They will often breed the rut thus causing it to be prone to sickness. Beware also as you may be paying for a price of a purebred miniature Pom where in fact, it is a mixed breed.
Origin of the Teacup Pomeranian
Because of the area in Northern Poland and Western Germany called Pomerania, many people think this was where the Poms began. Although this is not their origin place, it was in Pomerania where they began to be raised as household pets.
Poms actually originated from the sled dogs of the Arctic region of Iceland and Lapland. If you wonder if they are related to Spitz and or Wolfspitz dogs because of their appearance, you are right because they were their ancestors. They are its bigger and burlier cousins.
Poms were also famous among the royal families. Queen Victoria, the famous Queen of Great Britain and Ireland, owned a small Pom that she loved to death. Her Majesty is also instrumental in reducing its usual size from 30 pounds to its current toy stature.
In 1888 AKC recognized the standard Pom.
Note, however, that the Teacup Pomeranians are not a recognized breed standard.
The Appearance of a Teacup Pomeranian
As you would have expected, a Teacup Pomeranian is a smaller version of the already small and compact Pom. They are known for their dark, alert eyes and pointy ears. Poms also have three types of heads:
- Fox head type (related to the fox and German Spitz dog)
- Babydoll face
- Teddy bear face
Poms sport a body with a thick layered double coat with a distinctive fanned tail. Their undercoat is fluffy while their overcoat is shiny. This adorable breed comes in many different colors:
- Beaver (chocolate in color with some pigments/ pattern)
- Brindle (pattern-like rather than color)
- Cream (born white which darkens as time passes)
- Lavender (light gray with a mixture of purple)
- Merle (a speckled coat from red, grey, or light blue patches)
- Orange (orange coat with black stripes sometimes)
- Red (red-orange or rust)
- Sable (distinct solid coat with black-tipped guard hair)
In terms of size, a standard Pom is 6 to 7 inches in height and will weigh 3 to 7 pounds. Of course, a teacup should weigh less! Tthe miniature ones will weigh from 3 to 4 pounds only or 1.36 and 1.81 kg.
That is so tiny!
Grooming a Teacup Pomeranian
First of all, a Teacup Pomeranian is a little shedder so allergy sufferers can bear with them. Of course, that is not to say that they do not have dander that can cause the allergy. Only that their fluffy coat traps it from falling off.
Speaking of their distinguished double coat, frequent brushing is needed to maintain its beauty and shine. Use a pin brush and a slicker brush twice a week to keep the hair from matting.
Regular grooming should also be part of this little dog’s routine. Find a groomer to do full grooming which includes bathing, brushing, ear, and nail cleaning, and anal glands expressed every six to four weeks.
For their nails, if you can do it at home, trim it when it gets long. Paying attention to their teeth is also important since dental decay is a common issue of their small teeth.
What is the Temperament of a Teacup Pomeranian?
While a teacup Pom is ultra-small, they have a big-dog demeanor! They are lively, playful, brave, active, friendly but also sweet. What a package!
They are also incredibly loyal to their owners and cuddle time on the couch is their favorite! A Pom also loves to entertain its owners with its happy disposition and animated spirit.
Because they are alert and smart, they can also be trained to be great guard dogs. They are feisty dogs and will bark in the presence of danger or even strangers. Again training is important for their barking to not go out of hand.
Because they love to be with their humans, it is not advisable to leave them for a long period of time or they will suffer separation anxiety. If dogs are stressed, they will express it by chewing up toys and furniture, scattering food, and barking excessively.
If you are away often, this dog might not be for you.
Is the Teacup Pomeranian a Great Family Pet?
Teacup Poms are friendly to the members of the family but may sometimes not be kid-friendly. Not to mention that because this pup is so small, children have the tendency to hurt them.
While they are a wonderful addition to a family; if you have small kids, they might not be the best option.
Exercise Needs of the Teacup Pomeranian
Teacup Pomeranian’s tiny body is full of energy! They are an active breed and they need to be exercised whether that be in the form of short walks, playing at the park, or even trick and games. Yes, this breed also needs mental stimulation to flex itsbrain cells.
Do not underestimate their short legs as they have the endurance to enjoy long walks. Just be mindful of the heat as they are sensitive to it.
Again because of their size, they can fit well in an apartment dwelling.
Is the Teacup Pomeranian Highly Trainable?
A Teacup Pom is considered an excellent working dog. In the list of the smartest dogs, they top the charts at the 23rd spot. Dogs at this level can understand new commands in 5 to 15 repetitions. While for common commands, they can obey 85% of the time or higher.
While smart, Poms have a short attention span so it is best to keep training short but fun! Since they are also sensitive, positive training techniques will work for them. So, if they are a good boy, give them a pat on the back or praise their good deeds! Of course, healthy treats are also most welcome!
One of the areas a Teacup Pom must be trained in is socialization. They can be territorial, jealous, and not minding their size, they try to pick fights so it is best to train them while still in puppyhood. Regular training will keep them from developing “small dog syndrome”.
Food and Care Requirements of the Teacup Pomeranian
Teacup Pomeranians are a very fragile breed. They can get killed if you accidentally step on them and they are also prone to injuries just by jumping off a sofa or out of your arms.
Poms also feel overwhelmed when they hear quick and loud movements or voices. If you have children who make those disturbances, advise them to lower their voices.
In terms of their food, it must be appropriate for their size, age, activity levels to say the least. Their kibbles should be specific also to their size!
An adult Pom needs to eat ¼ to ½ cup of high-quality dog food daily. But of course, for proper guidance on your Pom’s diet, it is always best to consult your vet.
What are the Common Health Issues of the Teacup Pomeranian?
Just like any other dog breeds, your Teacup Pom is predisposed to the ff health issues:
- Cryptorchidism- where male Teacup Pomeranian can suffer is a medical condition where testicles fail to go down into the scrotum.
- Luxating patella- it happens when the patellar groove is not secure; it can manifest thru limping.
- Black skin disease- mostly affects male Poms where hair loss may also happen
- Tracheal collapse- when the dog’s tracheal rings weaken
Never skip regular vet check-ups as prevention is always better than cure.
What is the Average Lifespan of a Teacup Pomeranian?
A standard Pomeranian has a life expectancy of 12 to 16 years according to AKC but a Teacup is said to have a lifespan of 7 to 12 years.
You can ensure that your Teacup Pom is maximizing its years by giving it a proper diet, grooming, regular vet check-up, and lots of tender loving care. Ensuring that your pup is not from a puppy mill can also spell a great difference.
How Much is a Teacup Pomeranian?
Yes, a Teacup Pom may be small but no, they aren’t cheap. If you want this cute dog from a reputable breeder, prepare to pay $1,000 to $6,500!
A mixed breed is cheaper than a purebred Teacup Pom, of course. So always be careful with what you’re paying with as many backyard breeders may try to sell you a non-purebred.
Adopting Teacup Poms from a shelter is also a great idea. You may check one from your local Pomeranian shelters. These dogs also deserve to be loved and given a second chance. So go ahead and bring home one that you will love for life.
Conclusion: Ready to Get a Teacup Pom?
A Teacup Pomeranian will definitely bring life to any household. But the question is, are you ready? Taking care of a Teacup Pom is not a small feat. And it’s not just about its upfront cost but a lot more to consider especially if you are determined to keep one for a lifetime.
If you bring home one, expect unconditional love, and lots of cuddles from this breed.